The Celtic High Summer Harvest Festival
August 1, 2023
"These are the days of the endless summer." ~Van Morrsion
Thematic Images of the "Celtic Wheel of the Year"
click to expand
As a representation of humanity's psychological relationship with the amount of Light and Dark throughout the year (and specifically within 24 hour cycles), the Celtic Wheel of the Year is an accurate reflection of our internal ebbs and flows.
Thematic Images for Lammas Lúnasa (August)
In Modern Irish the spelling for the Gaelic word Lughnasadh is Lúnasa (In Old Irish the name was Lugnasad), which is also the name for the month of August. (The genitive case is also Lúnasa as in Mí Lúnasa, Month of August , and Lá Lúnasa, Day of Lúnasa.) August 1 was the beginning of the autumnal harvest season in the medieval British Isles.
Allegory of Month of August
The Coligny Calendar
The earliest-known Celtic calendar, the Gaulish "Coligny calendar" (discovered in Coligny, France), is dated to the 2nd century CE (when the Roman Empire imposed the use of the Julian Calendar in Roman Gaul) and as such firmly within the Gallo-Roman period. The Coligny calendar is possibly the oldest Celtic lunisolar ritual calendar. (The astronomical format of the calendar year that the Coligny calendar represents may well be far older, as calendars are usually even more conservative than rites and cults. The actual date of its inception is unknown, but correspondences of Insular Celtic and Continental Celtic calendars suggest that some early form may date to Proto-Celtic times, roughly 800 BCE.) It is made up of bronze fragments, but was once a single huge plate. The Coligny calendar achieves a complex synchronization of the solar and lunar months. The lunisolar Coligny calendar was used by Celtic countries to define the beginning and length of the day, the week, the month, the seasons, quarter days, and festivals. Some feast days of the medieval Irish calendar have sometimes been speculated to descend from prehistoric festivals, especially by comparison to terms found in the Coligny calendar.
Thematic Images for Lughnasadh/Lammas Greetings
Two memes by the Gypsy Scholar
Thematic Images for Lughnasadh/Lammas